On January 8, the Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Culture and Tourism and the Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Justice jointly spoke out: Since March 1,2020, the Measures for the Management of Cultural Relics in the Folk Collections of Shanghai (hereinafter referred to as the Measures) have been implemented.
This is the country's first provincial government regulation on prosperity and regulation of the cultural relics market. In view of the fact that the society has a great demand for the appraisal of folk cultural relics, the Measures explicitly call for the establishment of consultation service mechanism for the appraisal of folk collection cultural relics. Every day from Monday to Friday, there are institutions that can carry out free cultural relics identification. This practice also gradually formed a \"Shanghai model \".
Shanghai, as an important economic and cultural center and the intersection of east and west cultures, has always been a major town for the trade of folk cultural relics, said Yu Xiufen, director of the Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Cultural Tourism. According to preliminary statistics, there are currently 53 cultural relics shops and 70 auction enterprises in Shanghai,11 antique and used goods markets involving cultural relics and 1,103 on-site operators, and 317 Internet websites involving antiques and antiques.
《 The Law on the Protection of Cultural Relics stipulates that no unit or individual may engage in the commercial operation of cultural relics except for the approved cultural relics shops and the two types of cultural relics auction enterprises. In practice, the existence of antique goods market merchants without approval and engaged in cultural relics management is more common, belong to the supervision of the "gray zone." In view of this situation, the Measures stipulate that the merchants in the antique and used goods market may obtain permission for the establishment of cultural relics shops by the market sponsor units, engage in cultural relics business activities according to law, and clarify the management responsibility of the market sponsor units to the merchants engaged in cultural relics purchase and sale business activities in the market, thus forming a regulatory model for the government to manage the ancient play market and the antiques market. This initiative enables a large number of small-scale businesses in the "sunshine" can legally carry out cultural relics business activities, will greatly stimulate the vitality of the market.
At the same time, the supervision of cultural relics business activities involves more departments and units such as market supervision, commerce, public security, customs and law enforcement teams of the Bureau of Cultural and Travel. The Supreme Court, the Supreme Procuratorate, the State Administration of Cultural Relics and other jointly issued Measures for the Evaluation and Management of Cultural Relics Involved in the Case only stipulate the appraisal of \"cultural relics involved in criminal cases of cultural relics \", not including the appraisal of cultural relics involved in administrative law enforcement cases. In order to solve this problem, the Measures make it clear that the administrative departments shall carry out the activities of law enforcement in the management of cultural relics, and may entrust the appraisal agencies as determined by the State Administration of Cultural Relics to carry out the appraisals, thus expanding the scope of the appraisals of cultural relics involved to include administrative law enforcement cases.
In view of the fact that the society has a great demand for the appraisal of folk collection cultural relics, the Measures explicitly require the establishment of consultation service mechanism for the appraisal of folk collection cultural relics. Since 2017, Shanghai has organized four units, including Shanghai Cultural relics Store, Duoyun Xuan Group, Shanghai Collection Association and Shanghai Cultural relics Conservation and Research Center, through the way of government purchase of services, to carry out the pilot work of free appraisal and consultation service for the regular folk collection of cultural relics for the society. At the same time, the Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Culture and Tourism promptly summed up the experience and practice, formulated the \"Shanghai Folk Collection Cultural Relics Appraisal Consulting Unit Work Rules \", formed a relatively perfect folk collection cultural relics appraisal consultation system. Up to now, the four recommended units have received more than 20,000 lovers of cultural relics collections and appraised the total number of cultural relics collections without compensation, which has been widely welcomed by the masses and widely praised by public opinion. The State Administration of Cultural Relics fully affirmed this work in Shanghai and issued a special circular requesting all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities to refer to the \"Shanghai Model\" for reference.